Septimius Network Personal Blog – Septimius Paul Tompa





  • Local system administration
    Creating backups
    Restoring backed up data
    Creating local user groups
    Managing file permissions
    Managing fstab entries
    Managing local users accounts
    Managing the startup process and related services
    Managing user accounts
    Managing user account attributes
    Managing user processes
    Setting file permissions and ownership

    Local security

    Accessing the root account
    Using sudo to manage access to the root account

    Shell scripting

    Basic bash shell scripting

    Software management

    Installing software packages


    Editing text files on the command line
    Manipulating text files from the command line

    Filesystem & storage

    Archiving and compressing files and directories
    Assembling partitions as RAID devices
    Configuring swap partitions
    File attributes
    Finding files on the filesystem
    Formatting filesystems
    Mounting filesystems automatically at boot time
    Mounting networked filesystems
    Partitioning storage devices
    Troubleshooting filesystem issues


    OpenVPN – Howto setup an OpenVPN client on Ubuntu Desktop

    OpenVPN Logo

    This article describe howto setup an OpenVPN Client in Ubuntu Desktop. I did this setup on Ubuntu 12.04.1 LTS. Ubuntu has support for OpenVPN but the OpenVPN client it is not installed by default. To see that we can go into the network menu (icon that has two arrows) > VPN Connection >Configure VPN ...

    Setup a vpn connection

    the "Network Connections" dialog will pop up. Next we need to click on "Add" to add


    NameCheap Promo Codes 2012

    NameCheap November 2012 Coupon Codes

    Our monthly domain coupon is GIVINGTHX which will give you standard domain discounts for com/org/net/biz and com/net/org/net/biz/info transfers. Limit 30 uses per customer.

    Our hosting codes are as follows:

    • CYBERHOST for a 20% discount on the first billing cycle of shared hosting.
    • In anticipation of Thanksgiving, enjoy TURnKEYVPS for a 10% discount on the first billing cycle of VPS hosting

    GoDaddy Coupon Codes 2012

    GoDaddy Popular Codes:

    • Save 30%* off your order, no minimum - school30 (Expires on 01/01/2013)
    • Save more then 90% on SSL CERTIFICATES! - cjcssl12t2
    • Register .Com domains for 2.95$ - cjc295v (expires 12/31/2012)
    • SPECIAL OFFER: Get a .COM for just $2.95* -  smcom295 (Expires on 03 Dec 2012)
    • Get your $5.00* .COM today - worldwin - (expires 11/30/2012)
    • 30%* domain savings! - FB30TLD (Till 11/17/2012)
    • SAVE 15%* off your next order - gdbbd566 
    • Get 25% OFF* your order of $100 or more - gdbbc730
    • SPECIAL OFFER! .COMs just $5.99* per year up to 5 domains! - paint599 ( Not valid for transfers or renewals)
    • Save 30% from any order- gdbbe1026 / gdbbe994 /  gdbbe1562 /  gdx737w /  bbtld30 
    • Save 25% from any purchase over $75 - gdbb1901
    • SAVE 30%* off your order of $130 or more! - gdx821bg
    • SAVE 25%* off your order of $120 or more! - gdx821cg
    • Save 20%* off your order of $65 or more - gdbb687
    • Save 25% from any order - bb1964dd5
    • Smokin Hot Savings! $5.99 .COMS! - cjc599V
    • Register .Com domains for 7.99$ - cjc799chp
    • 8.49$ .Com RENEWALS--Save more then 40% - cjc795dom - Best for .com renewals
    • Save 20% on ALL hosting plans - cjcchp20
    • Web Hosting from just $1.99 per month for 3 months! - cjc199HSTG
    • Save more than 50% on Ssl certificates /12.99$ ssl certification - cjcssl12t2
    • 1st year Standard SSL Certificates -- Just $12.99* for the first year, plus SAVE 25%* on all Site Scanner plans! - gdx1131a

    General Godaddy Codes

    • Save $1 on your order - cjconeoff
    • Save 10% off your order -No minumum-Works for Renewals also- cjcchp10
    • Save 5% off your order 20$ or more - gdx534a
    • Save 5$ off your order 30$ or more-May work for Renewals also- cjcchp30
    • Save 5$ off your order 30$ or more -  cjcsave
    • Save 10$ off your order 50$ or more-may work for renewals also- cjcchp50
    • Save 10$ off your order 50$ or more - cjcsave10
    • Save 15% off your order 75$ or more--For renewals also-cjcchp75

    Godaddy Domain Promo Codes

    • Get FREE Private Registration with a domain registration. - cjcwdpr - expires july 4 7.59 am ( dont have idea about time zone )
    • Keep your information to yourself with Private Registration - only $7.99/yr - gdx638d
    • Save 20% off .Org domains - gdx636a
    • Register a new .COM* and get a .INFO for FREE! Add both names to your cart before checking out. - gppt05KINF
    • Get .org domains for 5.99$ - GETORG599
    • 8.49$ .Com RENEWALS--Save more then 35%  -- cjc795dom - Best for .com renewals
    • 7.99$ .Com domain registration (not for Renewals) - cjc749chp
    • All American deal , .Us domains for $3.99 - cjc399us
    • Renew your .Mobi domains for 10.99$-save over 40% and .Tv domains - gdbb776 - This is the best code for .mobi renewals.means over 40% savings.

    Godaddy Hosting Promo Codes

    • Save 20% on ALL hosting plans - cjcchp20
    • Web Hosting from just $1.99 per month for 3 months! - cjc199HSTG
    • Save 20% off new hosting plans - cjc20hst1
    • The power of the Cloud for 25% off with Virtual DataCenter from - cjcVDC25

    Promo Codes for Other GoDaddy Products

    • Save 20% off costum website design. - cjc20cwd
    • SAVE 30%* on Online Storage plans! - gdx539a
    • Save 20% off premium ssl certificates! - cjcSSLP20c
    • Godaddy Auction Discount-save more then 40% - AUCTION12
    • Save an EXTRA 20%* on Premium Search Engine Visibility plans! -cjcsev20


    Tompa Septimius Paul

    Hi and welcome to my blog.

    Here on this blog I want to share information about technology, life and things I am interested. I will appreciate any comment and any suggestion that will help me to improve the knowledge on this site. If you find an article interesting please link to it, so more users will enjoy that article.

    Please do not hesitate to drop me a question.

    Also, I will like to know if you want to talk about something else, or you have a question that I can help.

    Filed under: About 2 Comments

    OpenVPN – Howto setup an iPhone client

    OpenVPN Logo

    iOS that is running on iPhone 4 has at this moment no support for OpenVPN. So we need an additional application for this. I was looking on the Apple Store and I was not able to find one, but I was able to find one in Cydia Store called GuizmOVPN, that means that you need to have an iPhone with full control (jailbroken).

    Install the OpenVPN client, follow the GuizmOVPN tutorial about how to install this application.

    Next, you need to create and load a config file. This part is a little bit trickier since you need to create a special package that needs to be loaded to a http server.

    Create a custom package

    - create a config file called yourcompany-mobileclient-1-udp.ovpn , my config file looks like this. Customize it, replace the server ip, domain and keys with your own.


    OpenVPN howto setup a windows client.

    OpenVPN Logo

    Windows has no built in OpenVPN client. One good client is called Viscosity. The setup is similar with the OpenVPN Viscosity setup on OSX.


    OpenVPN – howto setup a OSX (mac) client

    OpenVPN Logo

    First of all OSX has no built in OpenVPN client. I tested a few, and finally I settled on a client called Viscosity. Now, I am using it for more then a year and I can say that  it is a very solid product. It is not free, but it is not expensive  (9$).


    The setup was pretty easy and fast. First we need to set the IP of our OpenVPN server (where we want to connect), the port and the protocol. You need to give a name to this connection, and replace with your OpenVPN server IP. Keep the other settings.

    Viscosity mac client, server, port protocol setup

    Next, we will need to add the right keys to the client, that we generate using OpenSSL in the Open VPN Server Setup.


    Linux – howto setup OpenVPN server

    OpenVPN Logo

    OpenVPN is an awesome choice for an VPN service. It's free, fast, and secure. The installation is not extremly complicated, so you will able in 1 hour to have a complete free VPN solution for your company. OpenVPN just work on Linux, OSX (Mac), and Windows. It also works fine on iPhone (if you have it jailbroken), but I did not tested on any android based device at this time.

    OpenVPN allows peers to authenticate each other using a pre-shared secret key, certificates, or username/password. When used in a multiclient-server configuration, it allows the server to release an authentication certificate for every client, using signature and Certificate authority. It uses the OpenSSL encryption library extensively, as well as the SSLv3/TLSv1 protocol, and contains many security and control features. A more detaliated description can be found on wikipedia.

     Server instalation

    - on a debian based system (Ubuntu 12.04).


    Linux – Howto use mdadm – cheat sheet

    mdadm is a program that can be used to create, manage, and monitor MD devices.

    The name is derived from the md (multiple device) device nodes it administers or manages, and it replaced a previous utility mdctl. The original name was "Mirror Disk", but was changed as the functionality increased.

    As such it provides a similar set of functionality to the raidtools packages. The key differences between mdadm and raidtools are:

    1. mdadm is a single program and not a collection of programs.
    2. mdadm can perform (almost) all of its functions without having a configuration file and does not use one by default. Also mdadm helps with management of the configuration file.
    3. mdadm can provide information about your arrays (through Query, Detail, and Examine) that raidtools cannot. mdadm does not use /etc/raidtab, the raidtools configuration file, at all. It has a different configuration file with a different format and an different purpose.

    RAID devices are virtual devices created from two or more real block devices. This allows multiple devices (typically disk drives or partitions there-of) to be combined into a single device to hold (for example) a single filesystem. Some RAID levels include redundancy and so can survive some degree of device failure.

    Linux Software RAID devices are implemented through the md (Multiple Devices) device driver.

    Currently, Linux supports LINEAR md devices, RAID0 (striping), RAID1 (mirroring), RAID4, RAID5, RAID6, and MULTIPATH.

    MULTIPATH is not a Software RAID mechanism, but does involve multiple devices. For MULTIPATH each device is a path to one common physical storage device.

    1. Howto mount existing raid

    An raid configuration is usually saved into mdadm.conf file (/etc/mdadm.conf on redhat or /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf on debian).

    In order to scan all the raid devices and generate a new configuration file we can use something like this

    Tagged as: Continue reading